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This is one of a series of excerpts from older articles put online by John Ray as a public service. The articles concerned are in general otherwise available only by special request to a University or other major library.

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The Journal of Social Psychology, 1974, 92, 155-156.

Success of the authoritarian coach



KENNETH A. PENMAN, DOUGLAS N. HASTAD, WILLIAM L. CORDS

Department of Physical Education for Men, and Department of Athletics, Washington State University

It has been traditionally assumed that the development of successful athletic teams is based on a strict adherence to discipline, organization, and conformance on behalf of players. The purpose of this study was to examine the success of high school coaches who exhibit an authoritarian personality. The Ss used were 30 head football coaches and 34 head basketball coaches from the AA high.schools in the states of Minnesota and Washington.

The questionnaire used was a 48-item modified F scale- Rokeach Dogmatism Scale devised to measure the degree of authoritarianism exhibited by a given subject.

.... The mean age of the coaches polled was 40.4 years. These coaches had been in coaching on the average for 16.5 years, and had been head coaches for an average of 11.9 years..... The mean authoritarian score for the more successful coaches was 163.7, and the mean for the other coaches was 146.1....

... we must reject-the null hypothesis, and accept the alternate hypothesis: that is, the more successful coaches were, in fact, more authoritarian....




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