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This is one of a series of excerpts from older articles put online by John Ray as a public service. The articles concerned are in general otherwise available only by special request to a University or other major library.

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Psychological Bulletin, 1937, 34, 706-707.

A Controlled Study of the Development and Attitudes of Radicals



MAURICE H. KROUT

Chicago City Junior Colleges

The technique of this study consisted in the use of an autobiographical schedule consisting of 219 questions ranked for statistical analysis and covering most of the important early developmental and recent behavior patterns. The schedule was given to 50 members of the Y.P.S.L. and the Y.C.L. and to 100 professed non-radicals serving as controls. The data consist of per cent-d's and sigma-d's, those accepted being d's which were at least 10% and twice the sigma-d's. The most significant single indication was the overwhelming similarity of the early developmental and non-political present trends. The following significant d's are indicated: both male and female radicals are less generally favored by the father or the mother; the punishment used took more frequently the form of nagging, reproach; and ridicule than that of corporal punishment, in both males and females; there is less desire on the part of the females to be like the mothers and less desire on the part of the males to be like the fathers; there is a greater frequency of talking in sleep in the males and a smaller tendency of talking in sleep in the females; there are less pleasant recollections connected with face-washing in the females and there is more frequent indifference toward facewashing in both males and females; there is more difficulty in expressing affection in the females and less difficulty in the males; the inferiority attitudes of the females center about intellectual pursuits while those of males more frequently center in athletics. Both male and female radicals are less highly socialized than the controls and have a less optimistic attitude toward life.




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