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This is one of a series of excerpts from older articles put online by John Ray as a public service. The articles concerned are in general otherwise available only by special request to a University or other major library.

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Journal of Applied Psychology, 1975(Feb), Vol 60(1), 28-32.

Effects of supervisors' sex and level of authoritarianism on evaluation and reinforcement of blind and sighted workers.



Baker, Larry D.; Di Marco, Nicholas & Scott, W. E.

U. Missouri, St Louis

Describes an experiment with 60 male and 60 female undergraduates selected on the basis of their scores on the Forced-Choice F scale (N. Berkowitz & G. Wolkon, 1964) . Use of a factorial design, with authoritarism and sex of Ss and vision of workers as the factors, revealed that blind workers were rewarded significantly more than sighted workers for identical performance and that no significant main effects occurred for level of authoritarianism and sex. No significant 2- or 3-way interactions were found. Although sex and level of authoritarianism affected attitudes toward the blind, they did not appear to affect reinforcement behavior.





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